Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a serious and even life-threatening condition. It is primary caused by obstruction of the airway.  

 

The risks of undiagnosed OSA include

  • heart attack

  • stroke

  • irregular heartbeat

  • high blood pressure

  • heart disease and

  • decreased libido

  • daytime drowsiness

    • that can result in accidents, lost productivity and relationship problems. 

The National Sleep Foundation estimates that 18 million adults have obstructive sleep apnea and it is likely that OSA also affects 2% to 3% of children.

What Is OSA?

During sleep, the upper airway can be obstructed by excess tissue, large tonsils and/or a large tongue. The cessation of breathing, or “apnea,” brought about by these factors initiates impulses from the brain to wake the person just enough to restart the breathing process.

Sleep apnea is usually diagnosised with sleep study.

 

Treatments

Depending on whether your OSA is mild, moderate or severe, 

Treatment are usually devided into 2 catagories

  • Non Surgical Management

    • CPAP 

    • Oral Appliance

  • Surgical Management

    • Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP)

    • Hyoid Suspension

    • Genioglossus Advancement (GGA)

    • Vagal Nerve Stimulation 

    • Maxillomandibular Advancement (MMA)
       

Before Surgery         After Surgery

Airway was almost doubled

(C) 2019 Dr. Joseph Krajekian

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